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International Center for Disability Information

By Disability Type, The Total Number Of Disabilities Reported In The Noninstitutionalized Population By People Age 5 Years Old and Older, By Age Group (2000).
Disability Type
Total Number Of Reported Disabilities For People 5 Years Old And Older
Total Number Of Reported Disabilities For People 5-15 Years Old
Total Number Of Reported Disabilities For People 16-64 Years Old
Total Number Of Reported Disabilities For People 65 Years Old And Older
 Sensory Disability
9,305,275
442,894
4,123,902
4,738,479
 Physical Disability
21,151,506
455,461
11,150,365
9,545,680
 Mental
Disability
12,435,853
2,078,502
6,764,439
3,592,912
Self-Care
 Disability
6,752,733
419,018
3,149,875
3,183,840
 Go-Outside-Home Disability
18,210,025
NA
11,414,508
6,795,517
 Employment Disability
21,287,570
NA
21,287,570
NA

Note: "NA" indicates data are not applicable for the category. Data in this table include populations from the 50 states and the District of Columbia.

People age 5 years old and over are considered to have a disability if they report one or more of the following criteria from one or more of the following categories as defined by the 2000 U.S. Census:
(a) sensory disability: blindness, deafness, or severe vision or hearing impairment;
(b) physical disability: substantial limitation in the ability to perform basic physical activities, such as walking, climbing stairs, reaching, lifting, or carrying;
(c) mental disability: difficulty learning, remembering, or concentrating;
(d) self-care disability: difficulty dressing, bathing, or getting around inside the home.
In addition to the above, people 16 years old and over are considered to have a disability if they report:
(e) go-outside-home disability: difficulty going outside the home alone to shop or visit a doctor's office.
People age 16-64 years are considered to have a disability if they report any of the above and/or:
(f) employment disability: difficulty working at a job or business.


To calculate the percent out of the total number of reported disabilities that are of a particular disability type that were reported by people in a certain age group, divide the number of reported disabilities of a particular disability type for a certain age group by the total number of reported disabilities of a particular disability type for all people age 5 and over, and multiply the result by 100. Example: Out of the total number of reported sensory disabilities, calculate the percent that were reported by people age 5-15. This calculation would be: 442,894/9,305,275=.0476 and .0476x100=4.76%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000

 

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