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International Center for Disability Information

By Age Group, The Total Number Of People 5 Years Old And Older In The Civilian Noninstitutionalized Population Reporting Disabilities (2000).
Age Group
Total Population
Total Population Reporting A Disability
5 Years Old And Older
257,167,527
49,746,248
5-15 Years Old
45,133,667
2,614,919
16-64 Years Old
178,687,234
33,153,211
65 Years Old And Older
33,346,626
13,978,118

Note: Data in this table include populations from the 50 states and the District of Columbia.

People age 5 years old and over are considered to have a disability if they report one or more of the following criteria from one or more of the following categories as defined by the 2000 U.S. Census:
(a) sensory disability: blindness, deafness, or severe vision or hearing impairment;
(b) physical disability: substantial limitation in the ability to perform basic physical activities, such as walking, climbing stairs, reaching, lifting, or carrying;
(c) mental disability: difficulty learning, remembering, or concentrating;
(d) self-care disability: difficulty dressing, bathing, or getting around inside the home.
In addition to the above, people 16 years old and over are considered to have a disability if they report:
(e) go-outside-home disability: difficulty going outside the home alone to shop or visit a doctor's office.
People age 16-64 years are considered to have a disability if they report any of the above and/or:
(f) employment disability: difficulty working at a job or business.


To calculate the percent of people in an age group reporting a disability, divide the number of people reporting a disability in a certain age group by the total number of people in that age group and multiply the result by 100. Example: Calculate the number of people age 5-15 years who reported a disability. This calculation would be: 2,614,919/45,133,667=.058 and .058x100=5.8%

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000
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